Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,
The hadith is related in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad (#16596). Iyas ibn Salama ibn al-Akwa` (Allah be pleased with him) relates that,
Shaykh Shu`ayb al-Arna'ut said, in his critical edition of the Musnad, that the hadith is weak, because of the weakness of one of its narrators (`Umar ibn Rashid al-Yamami) though the remaining narrators are sound.
The hadith would be understood to mean that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) began his supplications regularly with this expression, not that he literally began every supplication with it.
A weak hadith like this may be acted upon in matters related to virtuous deeds, as explained in answers on SunniPath QA (http://qa.sunnipath.com) related to "acting on weak hadiths."
And Allah alone gives success.
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